Install Nginx/PHP-FPM on Fedora 17/16, CentOS/RHEL 6.2/5.8

PHP-FPM is easier to use and configure than FastCGI and some tests says that PHP-FPM is even much more efficient than FastCGI.

Nginx (engine x) is a robust, small and high performance http server, reverse proxy server and also mail proxy server.

PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites.

Install Nginx, PHP 5.4.4 and PHP-FPM on Fedora 17/16/15/14, CentOS 6.2/6.1/6/5.8, Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/6.1/6/5.8

1. Change to root user.

sudo -i
## OR ##
su -

2. Install needed repositories

Fedora 17/16/15/14 Remi repository

## Remi Dependency on Fedora 17, 16, 15
rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm 
rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm

## Fedora 17 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/remi-release-17.rpm

## Fedora 16 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/remi-release-16.rpm

## Fedora 15 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/remi-release-15.rpm

## Fedora 14 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/remi-release-14.rpm

CentOS 6.2/6.1/6/5.8 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/6.1//6/5.8 Remi repository

## Remi Dependency on CentOS 6 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6 ##
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

## CentOS 6 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6 ##
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm

## Remi Dependency on CentOS 5 and Red Hat (RHEL) 5 ##
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm

## CentOS 5 and Red Hat (RHEL) 5 ## 
rpm -Uvh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-5.rpm

CentOS 6.2/6.1/6/5.8 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/6.1/6/5.8 Nginx repository

Create file /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo and add following content to repo file:
CentOS

[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

Red Hat (RHEL)

[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/rhel/$releasever/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

3. Install Nginx, PHP 5.4.4 and PHP-FPM

Fedora 17/16/15/14, CentOS 6.2/5.8 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/5.8

yum --enablerepo=remi install nginx php php-fpm php-common

CentOS 6.2/5.8 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/5.8

yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-test install nginx php php-fpm php-common

4. Install PHP 5.4.4 modules

  • APC (php-pecl-apc) – APC caches and optimizes PHP intermediate code
  • CLI (php-cli) – Command-line interface for PHP
  • PEAR (php-pear) – PHP Extension and Application Repository framework
  • PDO (php-pdo) – A database access abstraction module for PHP applications
  • MySQL (php-mysql) – A module for PHP applications that use MySQL databases
  • PostgreSQL (php-pgsql) – A PostgreSQL database module for PHP
  • MongoDB (php-pecl-mongo) – PHP MongoDB database driver
  • SQLite (php-sqlite) – Extension for the SQLite V2 Embeddable SQL Database Engine
  • Memcache (php-pecl-memcache) – Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
  • Memcached (php-pecl-memcached) – Extension to work with the Memcached caching daemon
  • GD (php-gd) – A module for PHP applications for using the gd graphics library
  • XML (php-xml) – A module for PHP applications which use XML
  • MBString (php-mbstring) – A module for PHP applications which need multi-byte string handling
  • MCrypt (php-mcrypt) – Standard PHP module provides mcrypt library support

Select what you need: APC, CLI, PEAR, PDO, MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, SQLite, Memcache, Memcached, GD, MBString, MCrypt, XML

Fedora 17/16/15/14

yum --enablerepo=remi install php-pecl-apc php-cli php-pear php-pdo php-mysql php-pgsql php-pecl-mongo php-sqlite php-pecl-memcache php-pecl-memcached php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-xml

CentOS 6.2/5.8 and Red Hat (RHEL) 6.2/5.8

yum --enablerepo=remi,remi-test install php-pecl-apc php-cli php-pear php-pdo php-mysql php-pgsql php-pecl-mongo php-sqlite php-pecl-memcache php-pecl-memcached php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-xml

5. Stop httpd (Apache) server, Start Nginx HTTP server and PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager)

Stop httpd (Apache)

/etc/init.d/httpd stop
## OR ##
service httpd stop

Start Nginx

/etc/init.d/nginx start ## use restart after update
## OR ##
service nginx start ## use restart after update

Start PHP-FPM

/etc/init.d/php-fpm start ## use restart after update
## OR ##
service php-fpm start ## use restart after update

6. Autostart Nginx and PHP-FPM on boot, also prevent httpd (Apache) autostarting on boot

Prevent httpd (Apache) autostarting on boot

chkconfig httpd off

Autostart Nginx on boot

chkconfig --add nginx
chkconfig --levels 235 nginx on

Autostart PHP-FPM on boot

chkconfig --add php-fpm
chkconfig --levels 235 php-fpm on

7. Configure Nginx and PHP-FPM

Create directory layout for your site

I use here testsite.local site, but this could of course be your real site, like www.if-not-true-then-false.com.

## public_html directory and logs directory ##
mkdir -p /srv/www/testsite.local/public_html
mkdir /srv/www/testsite.local/logs
chown -R nginx:nginx /srv/www/testsite.local

Alternative setup to add logs under /var/log directory.

## public_html directory and logs directory ##
mkdir -p /srv/www/testsite.local/public_html
mkdir -p /var/log/nginx/testsite.local
chown -R nginx:nginx /srv/www/testsite.local
chown -R nginx:nginx /var/log/nginx

Create and configure virtual host directories under /etc/nginx

mkdir /etc/nginx/sites-available
mkdir /etc/nginx/sites-enabled

Add following lines to /etc/nginx/nginx.conf file, after “include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf” line (inside http block).

## Load virtual host conf files. ##
include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

Create testsite.local virtual host file

Add following content to /etc/nginx/sites-available/testsite.local file. This is very basic virtual host config.

server {
    server_name testsite.local;
    access_log /srv/www/testsite.local/logs/access.log;
    error_log /srv/www/testsite.local/logs/error.log;
    root /srv/www/testsite.local/public_html;

    location / {
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /srv/www/testsite.local/public_html$fastcgi_script_name;
    }
}

Link your virtual host to /etc/nginx/sites-enabled

cd /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/testsite.local
service nginx restart

Add your testsite.local “domain” to /etc/hosts file

/etc/hosts file Nginx on same machine
127.0.0.1 … row should look like example following:

127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost testsite.local

And if you use another machine where you are running your Nginx server, then add it’s public IP as following:

10.0.2.19               wordpress

Note: This is just very simple basic configuration, but if you want configure and optimize Nginx and PHP-FPM more then check following guide, Nginx and PHP-FPM Configuration and Optimizing Tips and Tricks

8. Test your Nginx and PHP-FPM setup

Create /srv/www/testsite.local/public_html/index.php file with following content:

<?php 
    phpinfo();
?>

Enable Remote Connection to Nginx Web Server (Open Port 80 on Iptables Firewall)

1. Edit /etc/sysconfig/iptables file:

nano -w /etc/sysconfig/iptables

2. Add following line before COMMIT:

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT

3. Restart Iptables Firewall:

service iptables restart
## OR ##
/etc/init.d/iptables restart

4. Test remote connection

Access following address, with your browser. http://your.domain/

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